Official Name: Romania
Location: (Southeastern) Central Europe
Time Zone: Seven hours ahead of U.S. Eastern Standard Time (GMT + 2)
Area: 92,043 sq. miles (238,391 sq. km)
Flag of Romania: Three vertical stripes: red, yellow and blue.
Population: 19,651,000 (March 2014)
Main Ethnic Groups: Romanian 84%, Hungarian 6.1%, Rromani 3.1%, German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.2%
Religions: Christian Orthodox 81%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, Reformed 3%, Greek-Catholic 0.7%, Unitarian 0.3%, Jewish, other.
Official Language: Romanian
Currency: Romanian Leu (RON) ( plural Lei )
Climate: Temperate, four distinct seasons
Capital: Bucharest (București)
Form of State: Romania is a semi-parliamentary democracy based on a bicameral Parliament: the Chamber of Representatives (Camera Deputaţilor) and the Senate (Senat). All members of the legislature are directly elected from Romania’s 41 counties.)
Legal system: Based on European models and Constitution of 1991.
Head of State: President of the Republic, currently Mr. Klaus Werner Iohannis (elected on November 16, 2014). Romania’s president is allowed to serve two consecutive five-year terms.
Head of the Government: the Prime Minister, currently Mr. Dacian Cioloș.
Regional Government: Forty-one County Councils (Consiliu Judeţean).
Romania is a member state of the European Union and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)