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Transilvania

Transylvania takes its name from the Latin expression trans silva, meaning the land beyond the forest. Located in the center of the country and surrounded by the crossing Romania Carpathian Mountains, Transylvania is perhaps the most romantic Romanian region. Even its name arouses images of mountain peaks rising to the sky above the wooded valleys and crystal clear streams, images of wooden small churches with high roofs and images of legendary castles. Transylvania is one of the oldest and the most beautiful historic and folkloric regions of our country.

Transylvania has a rich history; this area has been continuously inhabited since antiquity. Over time, this territory has belonged to several empires like the Roman Empire, the Austrian Empire, then Austro-Hungarian Empire, and since 1918 this region is part of Romania. In addition to its rich history, Transylvania can be proud of its impressive natural scenery, but also of numerous spectacular sights, some of them unique in the country.

Transylvania is always present in the international charts being the perfect destination for a holiday. Images of Transylvania counties, either cities, mountains, lakes or the historical centers of large cities are on the Internet and gathers millions of "like" on social networks.
 


Atracții turistice

Sighișoara

Founded in XIIth century by the Saxons brought by the Hungarian rulers, Sighisoara is today one of the best preserved medieval cities of Europe. Charm and historical value of many buildings and streets of the city led to their inclusion in UNESCO. Located in central Romania, on Tarnava Valley, Sighisoara’s location, geographical conditions, traditions, cultural events and especially the fabulous history are a major attraction for tourists from all over the country and abroad. Many are the attractions of this city which seemes frozen in time, but the most iconic are the Clock Tower (Turnul cu Ceas), Casa Vlad Dracul (the House Of Vlad Dracul), Dominican Monastery Church, Covered Stairs (Scarile Acoperite) or the School on the Hill (Scoala din Deal).

Churches and fortified cities in southern Transylvania

Transylvanian Saxon villages with fortified churches provide a vivid image of the cultural landscape of southern Transylvania, while being one of the best-preserved medieval heritage in Europe. These villages are characterized by a specific system of land working, a model of placement and organization of farms, preserved since the Middle Ages. The localities are dominated by their fortified churches, which illustrate the construction periods  - the XIIth century and until the VIth century. Because of their uniqueness, many of these fortified churches are UNESCO Patrimony: Biertan Calnic Darjiu Prejmer, Saschiz, Valea Viilor, Viscri.

Bran Castle

Built on a cliff across the valley in tourist destination Bran, Bran Castle is the most popular tourist attraction in Romania. Legend which increased the castle fame was Dracula’s, in Bram Stoker's novel, associated with the Romanian prince Vlad the Impaler.

Construction of the castle is dated November 19th, 1377, when it was conceived as a fortress at the customs border between Transylvania and Romanian Country. Originally, the fortress had four towers, and entrance as a drawbridge, gothic portals, narrow secret staircases carved in stone, vaulted rooms, arches and other unique architectural elements. Fame site increased over time due to feudal art present here, as well as other exhibits like weapons, carpets and furniture representing Renaissance and Baroque styles, and the music room being decorated with Gothic elements. In 1920, Bran Castle was donated to the Romanian royal family, following a period in which this building has enjoyed lot of attention.

Turda Salt Mine (Salina Turda)

Turda Salt Mine (Salina Turda) is located near the town of Turda, Cluj County and has been renovated and reintroduced into the tourist circuit in 2010. Salina Turda is an assembly of salt mines arranged to be visited by tourists and an important treatment and recovery center, due to salty air inside. You can relax, walk, or play in a very pleasant way, in a specific microclimate of the salt mine. In the treatment center you can benefit from customized treatments based on medical prescriptions. In Rudolf Mine there is a huge wheel with 6 gondolas, where everybody can admire the panoramic scenery, accessible from the elevator that can descend 13 floors in Rudolf Mine. Besides these particularly spectacular elements, there are miniature golf grounds, billiards, tennis, synthetic football / volleyball / handball / Ping-Pong, playground for children with slides and other fun items, bowling and an amphitheater of 200 seats with electric heated seats and modern facilities, ideal for concerts.

Alba Carolina Citadel/ Fortress of Alba Iulia

Alba Carolina Citadel/ Fortress of Alba Iulia is one of the largest monuments in Europe, it is a huge VIIth century structure, "Vauban " type. In just 24 years, the city walls, which measures 12 km, were built by hands of 20,000 serfs serving the Emperor Charles VI of Habsburg. No matter the observation place, the fortress of Alba Iulia is a red giant, made up of millions of bricks and quarry stones, richly ornamented with statues of both the walls and the gates. All elements in "Alba Carolina" make it actually the most important Baroque assembly of figurative Baroque art in Transylvania and also unique in European military architecture.

History is present in Alba Iulia inside every detail. In particular in the military ceremony of guard changing, with soldiers dressed in uniforms of the Austro-Hungarian VIIIth century. Every day, around 12.00, that famous ceremonial of Citadel Guard is held between the Gate IV and Gate III of the city. Thus, from 1st of May until the end of September you can enjoy the privilege to travel in time every day together with the city guard. In addition, every Saturday, the ceremony ends with three volleys of cannon, on the Three Fortifications Route. Do not miss this moment, spectacular every time.

Every Friday night, swords and shields battles break the silence of the city. Dacians and Romans, which until recently were only on Trajan's Column in Rome, are down the streets of the city of Alba Iulia and recompose battles atmosphere of 1900 years ago. The battles are between soldiers of "Roman Guard from Apulum" and Dacians of Piatra Craivii, Apoulon, gathered as "Iron Wolves of Apoulon." Romans belong to Legion XIII Gemina and you will recognize them by specific outfit after their orders in Latin, especially after combat maneuvers of an outstanding precision. You can see centurions, gladiators and signifiers, as in old movies. Dacians, in turn, are equipped for body contact battles. Dynamism and violence of these clashes are fulminating and we guarantee you will not take the camera away from the eye.